Monday, June 22, 2009

Tradition of same gender marriage in Igboland, Nigeria

Tradition of same gender marriage in Igboland, Nigeria

Nigerian Tribune, 19 June 2009

By Leo Igwe, Executive secretary of the Nigerian Humanist Movement

One of the contentious issues in the debate over homosexuality and same sex marriage is whether a marriage between persons of the same gender is totally alien to African culture and tradition. Those opposing same sex marriage have continued to argue that same gender union is foreign to Africa. On the contrary, I have tried to draw their attention to the fact that there is a strain of the same gender marriage in African tradition particularly in Igboland.And that we should not rush to deny this, or pretend it does not exist or just sweep it under the carpet in the quest to establish that same gender marriage is alien to the African continent, and must be banned.I hail from Mbaise in Imo State in Southern Nigeria.

Traditionally, in my community, marriage is taken to be a union between a man and a woman as the case may be. But there are circumstances where a marriage between a woman and a woman is permissible.In a situation where a woman has no son or no child, if the husband dies, it is culturally allowed for her to marry a wife. And in this case, she becomes the husband. Like in every case of marriage, this woman goes out, inquires and gets a wife of her choice. She pays her dowry and fulfills other traditional rites as it is done when a man is marrying a woman.After that, the woman brings her "wife" home and they start living together as "husband" and "wife". Nobody frowns at it. To have children -both the "woman- husband" and "woman- wife"- will agree to allow a man from the same village or neighbouring town to sleep with the wife.

And the children born by the wife bears the family name of the woman- husband, not that of the man responsible for the pregnancy. I want to add here that the man who sleeps with such wife in most cases are married men. And normally it is regarded as immoral, in fact it is a taboo for a married man to sleep with or "father" children from another woman. But in this case an act normally taken to be immoral is allowed.This is a situation where people are permitted to break taboos and deviate from traditions.

This marriage practice pre- dates Christianity and the so- called western culture which most people today blame for all the moral and cultural wrongs in Africa. The same gender marriage is still practised till date. In other words, there are some families today in Igboland where women are both husbands and wives, fathers and mothers.There are some homes where woman- husbands are living happily with their woman- wives. Though there are not many of such families or marriages. Such unconventional marriages and families are in the minority.

The fact is that they exist. The fact is that they are part of the local tradition and culture. They are not imports from the West. And this has in no way undermined social cohesion, public order and morality or family values.Some people have tried to argue that this is not really a case of gender marriage because a man comes in to impregnate the wife. But, traditionally, it is the case and it is known as such. It is a case where a woman marries a woman.The man who impregnates the wife does not come into the picture at all. He has no family responsibility.

His duty is only to supply sperm. The family is responsible for the woman- husband and wife.Some say that same gender unions destroy family values and undermine the upbringing of children.It should be emphasised that children in this case are brought up in an environment where both "parents" are females. And they grow up to be normal children. Some say because child bearing is involved, then it is not same gender marriage. But my response is this: whether for procreation or for pleasure, it is same gender marriage. And it is the couples, not the state that decides whether to marry for procreation and or for pleasure or for any other purpose they deem fit.Unfortunately, most Nigerians think that same gender marriage is antithetical to procreation. It is not. In fact same gender unions as in this case enrich family values.

There have been instances where a partner in a same gender relationship wants children, and goes ahead to have them.Because of the secrecy, privacy and hypocrisy that go with sexual expression, no one can really say, if these female partners have or do not have sex with each other. But like all couples they live together and run their families. But today, things are changing.Individuals are becoming more open, more assertive and expressive with their sexual and marriage choices, desires, orientations and identities. The sexual and marriage dynamics are changing rapidly. And Africans must make the necessary social, cultural and legal adjustments in response to- and to accommodate- these changes.

* Leo Igwe is the executive secretary of the Nigerian Humanist Movement.

1 comment:

Chika Lagos Lad said...

Good thought and such still exist till date even in my Village a woman who is too old and she should be at least 75yrs now, she didnt marry any man either till around 55yrs of age then she married another younger woman who now has 3 kids for her and they are living happily and taking care of thier kids which was from another mans sperm.

I hail from Orunba North Local Government of Anambra state in Eastern Part of Nigeria and what i read about this same sex Marriage is still existing till date in my Village and i have witness two of such and they are still living happily while the woman-man will be at house sleeping the woman-wife go to market come back and cook and feed the Kids and the woman-wife always greet and respect the woman-man as her husband according to the Tradition and such thing is still on till date.

So with such i wonder where those who are standing against same sex marriage between two men where they are getting thier idea from when they have already expand it already that Same sex Marriage can be hold without in the name of same tradition which they said same sex between man and man is a taboo.
I know with time the truth will surely come out to reality as it has been expanding now and God will surely take control of everything becuase Gay discrimination has to stop soon.

Lagos Nigeria